Apr 262012

Abdul Fattah Rashid Hamid, Ph.D, seorang psikolog Muslim menyebutkan bahwa perjalanan setiap individu dalam menuju kesempurnaan kepribadian akan melewati tingkatan kepribadian sebagai berikut:


Kepribadian tingkat 1 : An-Nafs al-Ammarah …


Pada tingkat ini manusia condong pada hasrat dan kenikmatan dunia. Minatnya tertuju pada pemeliharaan tubuh, kenikmatan selera-selera jasmani dan pemanjaan ego. Di tingkat ini iri, serakah, sombong, nafsu seksual, pamer, fitnah, dusta, marah dan sejenis-nya, menjadi paling dominan.


Kepribadian tingkat 2 : An-Nafs al-Lawwamah …


Pada tingkat ini manusia sudah mulai melawan nafsu jahat yang timbul, meskipun ia masih bingung tentang tujuan hidupnya. Jiwanya sudah melawan hasrat-hasrat rendah yang muncul. Diri masih menjadi subyek yang dikendalikan hasrat-hasrat yang bersifat fisik, ia masih sering tertipu oleh muslihat dunia yang sementara ini.


Kepribadian tingkat 3 : An-Nafs al-Mulhimah …


Pada tingkat ini manusia sudah menyadari cahaya sejati tidak lain adalah petunjuk Allah. Semangat taqwa dan mencari ridho Allah adala semboyanya. Ia tidak lagi mencari kesalahan-kesalahan orang lain tetapi ia selalu introspeksi untuk menjadi hamba Allah yang lurus. Ia selalu zikir dan mengikuti sunah nabi Muhammmad saw.


Kepribadian tingkat 4 : An-Nafs al-Qona’ah …


Pada tingkat ini hati telah mantap, merasa cukup dengan apa yang dimilikinya dan tidak tertarik dengan apa yang dimiliki oleh orang lain. Ia sudah tidak ingin berlomba untuk menyamai orang lain. Ketinggalan ‘status’ baginya bukan berarti keterbelakangan dan kebodohan. Ia menyadari bahwa ketidak puasan atas segala sesuatu yang telah ditetapkan Allah menunjukkan keserakahan dan ketidak matangan pribadi. Pada tingkat ini, manusia mengetahui bahwa seseorang tidak dapat memperoleh kebaikan apa pun kecuali dengan kehendak Allah. Hanya Allah yang mengetahui apa yang terbaik dalam situasi apa pun.


Kepribadian tingkat 5 : An-Nafs al-Mut’mainnah …


Pada tingkat ini manusia telah menemukan kebahagiaan dalam mencintai Allah swt. Ia tidak ingin memperoleh “pengakuan” dari masyarakat atau pun tentang tujuannya. Jiwanya telah tenang, terbebas dari ketegangan, karena pengetahuanya telah mantap bahwa segala sesuatu akan kembali pada Allah. Ia benar-benar telah memperoleh kualitas yang sangat baik dalam ketenangan dan keheningan.


Kepribadian tingkat 6 : An-Nafs al-Radiyah …


Ini adalah ciri tambahan bagi jiwa yang puas dan tenang. Ia merasa bahagia karena Allah ridha padanya. Ia selalu waspada akan tumbuhnya keengganan yang paling sepele terhadap kodratnya sebagai abdi Tuhan. Ia menyadari bahwa Islam adalah fitrah insan dan ia pun haqqul yaqin pada firman Allah,”"..Boleh jadi kamu membenci sesuatu, padahal ia amat baik bagimu..”. Ia patuh pada Allah semata-mata hanya sebagai perwujudan rasa terima kasih-nya.


Kepribadian tingkat 7 : An-Nafs al-Kamilah ..


Ini adalah tingkat manusia yang telah sempurna (al-Insan al-Kamil). Kesempurnaanya adalah kesempurnaan moral yang telah bersih dari semua hasrat kejasmanian sebagai hasil kesadaran murni akan pengetahuan yang sempurna tentang Allah. “Selubung diri”-nya telah terbuka hanya mengikuti kesadaran Ilahi. Nabi Muhammad saw adalah contoh manusia yang telah sampai pada tingkat ini. Kepribadianya mengungkapkan segala hal yang mulia dalam kodrat manusia

Avatar of Guruh Nusantara
aku itu satu, tapi ternyata aku terlalu banyak. hingga tuk kembali ke aku, aku rasanya muak. dan sayangnya Dia ada dibalik aku yang aku, oh kisanak pukul aku dengan telak.

hanya manusia yang ingin lari dari kemanusiaannya, menjadi energi sehingga menyatu dengan alam semesta. tidak terikat batasan waktu.

  131 Responses to “7 Tingkatan Proses Kepribadian Manusia – Abdul Fattah Rashid Hamid, Ph.D”

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